Scholarships for Palestinians: Call for applications


منحة القطان للفنون الأدائية

يأتي مشروع منحة القطان للفنون الأدائية استمراراً لمشروع تطوير حقل الفنون الأدائية الذي أطلقه برنامج الثقافة والفنون في العام 2008، بتمويل مشارك من مؤسسة فورد. وتم تطوير هذا المشروع الجديد ليقدم الدعم في مسارين بشكل تكاملي، أولهما منحة الإنتاج، وتجمع ما بين بناء القدرات، وتقديم العروض، وتوثيق الإنتاج و/أو نشره. أما المسار الثاني فيتمثل في توفير وتنظيم برامج تدريب متخصصة في مجالات ضرورية لتطور القطاع.

 

الأهداف العامة للمشروع:

·       زيادة القدرة التقنيّة والمؤهّلات المهنيّة في أوساط العاملين في حقل الفنون الأدائية، وبخاصة في تخصصات جديدة أو غير متوفّرة في السابق.

·       زيادة الإنتاج في حقل الفنون الأدائية في فلسطين وتحسين نوعيّته.

·       زيادة فرص التدريب العملي للمهنيّين والمبتدئين.

·       تمثيل أفضل لحقل الفنون الأدائية في المهرجانات والمنابر العربيّة والدوليّة.

·       جمهور أوسع في جميع أنحاء فلسطين، وبخاصة خارج مركز الضفة الغربية، عن طريق زيادة عدد العروض الفنية العامة، ولاسيما في مناطق مهمشة اجتماعياً وجغرافياً، وعبر استهداف طلاب المدارس والجامعات.

·       زيادة التعاون والاتصال بين العاملين في الحقل من مختلف أنحاء فلسطين، ما يسمح بتحسين تبادل الأفكار واستغلال الموارد المتوفرة.

 

الفئة المستهدفة:

·       يستهدف المشروع، بشكل أساسي، الأفراد الفلسطينيّين (سواء من ذوي الخبرة في مجال عملهم و/أو أولئك ذوي المواهب الواعدة) أو الفرق أو المؤسسات الفلسطينية، وغيرهم من العاملين في مجال الفنون الأدائيةً.

 

معايير هامة:

·       سوف تعطى الأولوية للمشاريع التي تتمتع بالجدية والإمتياز والإبداع والتي تستدخل ضمن طواقمها مهنيين محليين و/أو أجانب بمستوى عال و/أو ترفد الحقل بأفراد وطاقات جديدة وطازجة، وتتوفر فيها العناصر المتعلقة ببناء القدرات، و/أو تطوير خبرات محددة في المجال، و/أو توسيع قاعدة الجمهور.

·       أخذا بعين الإعتبار المحدوديات التقنية للكثير من أماكن العرض ولا سيما في الأماكن البعيدة عن المركز، وفي المدارس، ورغبة في توسيع قاعدة الجمهور، سوف تعطى الأولوية للأعمال ذات الجودة العالية التي تثبت قدرتها على التكيف مع تلك المحدوديات التقنية والمالية لأماكن العرض المختلفة.

·       تعطي الأولوية للمشاريع التي تثبت قدرها على الوصول إلى قطاعات أوسع من الجمهور ولا سيما في المناطق المهمشة، إضافة إلى استهدافها لطلاب المدارس والجامعات.

 

 

سوف يقدّم المشروع هذا العام منحاً على الشاكلة التالية:

 

أ‌)      منحة لإنتاج أعمال أدائية جديدة وترويجها وتوثيقها

يقدم البرنامج نموذج المنحة الرزمة، والتي تتضمن لدعم إنتاج أعمال جديدة في حقل الفنون الأدائية؛ سواء أكانت هذه الإنتاجات على شكل عروض فنية حيّة على خشبة المسرح أم مسجلة (على DVD، أو CD مثلاً). إضافة لترويج العمل المنتج من خلال تنفيذ جولة عروض والوصول إلى قطاع أوسع من الجمهور، ولا سيما في المناطق المهمشة، ويشمل ذلك طلاب المدارس والجامعات. كما تشمل المنحة عملية توثيق العمل إما من خلال تصويره بشكل مهني يصلح لأغراض البث التلفزيوني و/أو النشر على DVD إضافة لنشر النص الخاص بالعمل في كتاب.

 

ب‌)  منحة ترويج و/أو توثيق و/أو نشر لأعمال أدائية منتجة سابقاً (3 سنوات بحد أقصى)

يقدم البرنامج منحاً لدعم ترويج أعمال أدائية أنتجت خلال العامين الماضيين، من خلال تنفيذ جولة عروض والوصول إلى قطاع أوسع من الجمهور، ولا سيما في المناطق المهمشة، ويشمل ذلك طلاب المدارس والجامعات. كما يقدم منح لدعم توثيق و/أو نشر هذه الأعمال حيث سيحصل الإنتاج على دعم لتوثيقه من خلال:

I.            تصويره بشكل مهني يصلح لأغراض البث التلفزيوني، أو النشر على DVD.

II.        نشر النصوص المسرحية (حيث ينطبق) وما يتعلق بالإنتاج من تغطية صحافية، وطاقم الإنتاج، ومقدمات ومواد نقدية أخرى في كتاب.

 

ت‌)  منح التدريب المتخصّص

تهدف هذه المنحة إلى دعم ورش عمل تدريبيّة متخصصة (تقنيّاً أو فنياً) أو برامج تدريبية مكثفة، لبناء خبرات مهنية يحتاجها قطاع الفنون الأدائية، مع التركيز على المجالات التقنية ذات صلة بخبرات توثيق الأعمال الأدائية، وتصميم الإضاءة، والسينوغرافيا، والصوت والمؤثرات الصوتية والبصرية وغيرها.

 

المواعيد:

يستقبل برنامج الثقافة والفنون الطلبات في أي مجال من المجالات أعلاه في موعد أقصاه 11 نيسان 2011، ويعلن عن النتائج قبل نهاية أيار 2011.

 

ويجب أن يتم تنفيذ المشاريع بشكل كامل، وتسليم التقارير النهائية المالية والإدارية قبل نهاية شهر آذار 2012.

للاستفسار ولمزيد من المعلومات عن شروط التقديم، ومتطلباته، يرجى الإتصال بـ:

هاتف: 022960544 (فرعي 201)

أو الكتابة على: amal@qattanfoundation.org

www.qattanfoundation.org


62 years, memories from my village


A few months ago I attended the debut play by the Irish-Palestinian playwright Hannah Khalil. The play entitled “Plan D” was a look at the lives of a small family living in a generic Palestinian village during the spring of 1948. I was moved by the play, and it haunted me for a while afterwards, actually I still think about it every now and then. It was disturbing in the most subtle of ways, and it certainly got into my head. One of the things that bothered me and the people I was with was the fact that the family in question never fought back. They heard whispers of something coming, and knew that their neighbors had disappeared. Playing it safe, they decided to camp out in the hills near their home, and keep a lookout to see what unfolded. The father eventually goes back to check on the house, and upon entering the kitchen he sees  a man seated at the kitchen table grinning at him. The father leaves back to the hills, and takes his family to Jerusalem on foot, when asked what prompted his sudden departure he said “I felt like I never existed”. I asked Hannah afterwards about this, I mean we were brought up to believe that we fought back, and only when we ran out of ammo did we leave, to catch up with the Arabs, form an army and return, assuming a timescale of a month or two at most. Hannah said that that part was based on a true story. I was stunned.

This year I went back to Jordan, my first ‘proper’ visit in 9 years. I spent loads of time with my Aunts and remaining Uncle, and found them to be unusually open and chatty about their experience of the Palestinian Nakbe. I say unusually, because I have found that my relatives tend to speak about the pre-Nakbe period or they focus on politics or life in Irbid. They tend to avoid massive chunks of their experiences, namely their experience of occupation, ethnic cleansing, and their times in the refugee camps of Karami (Jordan). With Hannah’s play still playing on my mind, I pressed my Aunt for more details of our village and what happened there.

My Aunt was eight at the time and she remembers how she used to play with the European soldiers, who gave her sweets, and how one day when she skipped up to them they angrily told her to get lost “rookh!”. Confused, she returned home. Not long after, her sisters and younger brothers, along with their Mum and elders moved to the hills surrounding the village. They left behind the young men.

No shots were fired when my village was invaded, or so my Aunt says. The Iraqi army, from whom the Palestinian ‘fighters’ took orders, entered one night and told the Palestinians not to fire, as people walked into the village. Who these people were, what exactly the Iraqi army said or did and how the Palestinians reacted I may never know. My grandfather and eldest Uncle are dead, and they would have been on the front lines so to speak. My Aunt does remember that her brother in laws father remained in the village, and was never seen or heard from again and she remembers whisperings of what happened in Deir Yassin. Someone said that they saw his dead body in front of his house.

So my Aunt remembers, starting the long walk to Jerusalem. Along the way, her heavily pregnant 16 year old sister goes into labour, in the middle of a valley with planes flying over their heads. No army was formed when they arrived in Jerusalem, and thus began the refugee camp years. She remembered later meeting someone whose village had also been invaded. The villagers were locked up in the village hall. One girl caught the eyes of the soldiers and was dragged off, only to be returned later looking sullen. They came again for her, and the girl was terrified, she kicked and she screamed, her parents clung to her, but the soldiers dragged her off. She was never seen again either.

These stories are rarely told and are rarely heard. Rape is viewed as the failure of the man to protect his womenfolk. This may be why so many people left the villages, the idea was to get the women to safety. This was deemed more important than land.

This vagueness I have regarding the history of my own village pains me really. And is why the oral history project, spearheaded by www.palestineremembered.com is so important to us and future generations.

Here is commemorating the 62nd year of the Nakbe

European Court rules boycott of Israel illegal


This smacks of outright, racist, hypocrisy! Wasn’t Iraq boycotted all so recently? Isn’t Cuba boycotted (sure they are by the States anyway)? Why is Israel above such boycotts? It’s disgusting!

European Court rules boycott of Israel illegal

Boycott is ‘discriminatory and punishable’ – EU Court judges

‘interference with…freedom of expression needed to protect the rights of Israeli producers.’ – Jerusalem Post

‘First they ignore you, then they ridicule you, then they fight you, then you win’ – Gandhi

The European Court of Human Rights has moved to criminalise support for Palestinian human rights. The EU has consistently rewarded an Israel sinking ever deeper into crime, with open ethnic cleansers as Foreign Minister and Prime Minister. Now the judiciary joins the executive in aligning with Israel and criminalising those who support the call from Palestine for BDS (Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions) against the bloody violence of the Israeli state. Hardly suprising when the British Government is involved in an equally bloody military occupation of Iraq and Afghanistan. Birds of a blood-stained feather flock together.

This ruling is a response to the growing support for BDS following Israel’s most recent massacres in Gaza in January. It criminalises the entire Scottish, Irish and South African trade union movements.

It might soon become illegal to stand up to the violence of Israel with the non-violent weapon of boycott. The courts, then, will leave supporters of Palestine with no choice but to challenge these laws in every way possible, including civil disobedience and non-violent direct action. This ruling is designed to protect those carrying out the ethnic cleansing of Palestine: according to the Jerusalem Post (see below), the European court of Human Rights ‘ruled that interference with…freedom of expression was needed to protect the rights of Israeli producers.’ Producing goods on ethnically cleansed land while working to destroy Palestinian producers.

The growing BDS movement will not be deterred by this latest ruling. After all, the British Government defied the ICJ (International Court of Justice) 2004 ruling that Israel’s apartheid Wall is illegal and must come down. The people of Gaza are being crushed by an open alliance of Israel, the US, the EU and the Arab regimes. They have no allies but a slowly awakening world civil society. They have paid many times over in mountains of corpses for their refusal to accept Israeli/Western plans for them to disappear. Compared to their heroism and suffering, the cost of standing up for human rights against the European Court of Human Rights remains very modest. Here in Scotland, we do not face Israeli death squads, the murder of our children, bulldozed homes, burning farms, prison walls, the kidnapping of our finest sons and daughters into dungeons, routine torture, expulsion or daily humiliation by a murderous soldiery.

Five Scottish PSC members will appear in court on Friday August 7 charged with ‘racially aggravated’ crime for disrupting a musical performance by official ‘Cultural Ambassadors’ of Israel when they came to Scotland last year. The charges are no more absurd than the defence of ‘Israeli producers’ by the European Court of Human Rights while Gaza lives with Israeli-induced hunger and misery. The five are privileged to stand alongside so many others fighting for justice, and with the people of Palestine whose resistance to Zionist crime has inspired the world, but has long been criminalised by Israel’s Western allies.

We invite you to come to the Court on Chambers St, Edinburgh at 9.15am on Friday 7 August to show your:

- solidarity with Palestine

- support for the boycott of Israel

- opposition to ‘interference with freedom of expression to protect Israeli producers’

http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull&cid=1246443852848

European court: Israel boycotts are unlawful discrimination

Israel finally won one last week in an international human rights court.

On Thursday, the Council of Europe’s European Court of Human Rights upheld a French ruling that it was illegal and discriminatory to boycott Israeli goods, and that making it illegal to call for a boycott of Israeli goods did not constitute a violation of one’s freedom of expression.

The Council of Europe is based in Strasbourg, has some 47 member states and is independent of the European Union. The court is made up of one judge from each member state, and the rulings of the court carry moral weight throughout Europe.

On Thursday the court ruled by a vote of 6-1 that the French court did not violate the freedom of expression of the Communist mayor of the small French town of Seclin, Jean-Claude Fernand Willem, who in October 2002 announced at a town hall meeting that he intended to call on the municipality to boycott Israeli products.

Jews in the region filed a complaint with the public prosecutor, who decided to prosecute Willem for “provoking discrimination on national, racial and religious grounds.” Willem was first acquitted by the Lille Criminal Court, but that decision was overturned on appeal in September 2003 and he was fined €1,000.

His appeal to a higher French court was unsuccessful, and as a result he petitioned the European Court of Human rights in March 2005, saying his call for a boycott of Israeli products was part of a legitimate political debate, and that his freedom of expression had been violated.

The court, made up of judges from Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Macedonia and the Czech Republic .

According to a statement issued by the court on Thursday, the court held the view that Willem was not convicted for his political opinions, “but for inciting the commission of a discriminatory, and therefore punishable, act. The Court further noted that, under French law, the applicant was not entitled to take the place of the governmental authorities by declaring an embargo on products from a foreign country, and moreover that the penalty imposed on him had been relatively moderate.”

The one dissenting opinion was written by the Czech judge.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Yigal Palmor hailed the ruling Sunday, saying it provided important ammunition for those challenging on legal grounds calls frequently heard in Europe for a boycott of Israeli products, as well as calls for a boycott of Israeli academia.

“It is now clear that in every country in Europe there is a precedent for calling boycotts of Israeli goods a violation of the law,” Palmor said. “This is an important precedent, one that says very clearly that boycott calls are discriminatory. We hope this will help us push back against all the calls for boycotts of Israeli goods.”

Visit our website for latest international solidarity news: www.scottishpsc.org.uk

Join Scottish PSC – we are all volunteers with no paid staff – or make a financial donation to help us continue campaigning work:

Send a cheque to:

Scottish Palestine Solidarity Campaign

c/o Peace & Justice Centre

Princes Street

Edinburgh

EH2 4BJ

www.scottishpsc.org.uk

SPSC is affiliated to the Palestine Solidarity Campaign (UK) www.palestinecampaign.org

List of Scholarships Available for Palestinians


I thought I would compile this list to act as a starting point for any Palestinian wishing to further their education in the UK, hope it helps!The Durham Palestine Educational TrustThis trust funds two Palestinian students to study for a Masters degree at the University of Durham, one of the UKs most prestigous universities.The Website: http://www.dur.ac.uk/durham.palestine/

Whos is eligible: Palestinians who have completed their degrees in one of the Universities in the West Bank or Gaza, and belong to a family that is normally resident in the West Bank or Gaza. You will also be expected to return to the West Bank or Gaza once your scholarship is completed.

Neat ways to raise money for them: You will find ways to raise money for the DPET by using the everyclick search engine, or donating used books. My favourite is by following this link when you purchase items from Amazon, the DPET receives 5% comission on every purchase made this way.

Said Foundation (Formely the Karim Rida Said Foundation)

These scholarships enable you to pursue further (postgraduate) education in the some universities in the UK and the Middle East, with the proviso that you use your knowledge to serve one of the Foundations’ target countries.

Website:http://www.saidfoundation.org/whatwedo/education.shtml

Who is Eligible: Iraqis, Jordanians, Lebanese, Syrians or Palestinians (including Palestinians inside Israel) who are resident in the Middle East.

Conditions:

  1. you must demonstrate that your chosen course of study will be of use to your home country or the Middle East region.
  2. you must have at least two years work experience.
  3. you must sign a binding undertaking to apply the skills and knowledge you have gained in one of the Foundation’s target countries.

The A.M. Qattan Foundation

I have attached the latest news that I received from the London based Qattan foundation, I could not find much information on their website (http://www.qattanfoundation.org/en/index.asp), but you can email them for further information (and maybe share what you find out?)

Five teachers received preliminary acceptance to the Qattan-Qaddumi Postgraduate Scholarship Programme in Education, which is now in its second year. An independent panel interviewed all prospective candidates, including our Gaza colleagues who communicated via video-conference. Short listed candidates are now required to fulfil a number of other conditions before the panel announces the winner.

******check this site for scholarships for Palestinian teachers: http://www.hq-sf.org/public/English.aspx?Lang=3&Page_Id=1553&Menu_ID=244&Site_ID=0 ****

British Council

The British Council offers scholarships for international students to further their studies in the UK.

Follow this link (http://www.britishcouncil.org/learning-funding-your-studies.htm) to find one that suits you.

The Hope Fund

Based in the USA (http://www.thehopefund.org/)

Update: as of the 10th of September 2009, this post has received 174 hits, mostly from search engine referrals.�

I would appreciate it of people could give me some feedback, did you find this list useful in any way?

Either vote via the buttons at the top of this page, or by leaving a comment.

Thank you! :)


Update + Disclaimer: 

Hi,

To everyone who has commented on this post, thank you! and to those students looking for funding for their studies, I wish you all the success.

As you can tell, I am no longer updating this blog, so my replies are very rare. So my apologies for the tardiness.

On the subject of scholarships, I am merely a messenger, and do not administer any of the available funding sources. Apologies if you I misled.

So if you are looking for a scholarship, please do follow the links I have provided, and contact the scholarships directly.

 

The wounds of Gaza 2009


Received this by email today:

The Wounds of Gaza 2009

Dr Ghassan Abu Sittah and Dr Swee Ang,

30 January 2009 The wounds of Gaza are deep.

Dr Ghassan describes it as multi-layered. Are we talking about the Khan Younis massacre of 5,000 in 1956 or the execution of 35,000 prisoners of war by Israel in 1967. Yet more wounds of the First Intifada, when civil disobedience by an occupied people against the occupiers resulted in massive wounded and hundreds dead? We also cannot discount the 5,420 wounded in southern Gaza alone since 2000. Hence what we are referring to below are only that of the invasion as of 27 December 2008, Over the period of 27 December 2008 to the ceasefire of 18 Jan 2009, it was estimated that a million and a half tons of explosives were dropped on Gaza Strip. Gaza is 25 miles by 5 miles and home to 1.5 million people. This makes it the most crowded area in the whole world. Prior to this Gaza has been completely blockaded and starved for 50 days. In fact since the Palestinian election Gaza has been under total or partial blockade for several years.

On the first day of the invasion, 250 persons were killed. Every single police station in Gaza was bombed killing large numbers of police officers. Having wiped out the police force attention was turned to non government targets. Gaza was bombed from the air by F16 and Apache helicopters, shelled from the sea by Israeli gunboats and from the land by tank artillery. Many schools were reduced to rubble, including the American School of Gaza, 40 mosques, hospitals, UN buildings, and of course 21,000 homes, 4,000 of which were demolished completely. It is estimated that 100,000 people are now homeless.

ISRAELI WEAPONS

The weapons used apart from conventional bombs and high explosives also include unconventional weapons of which at least 4 categories could be identified.

1.Phosphorus Shells and bombs.

The bombs dropped were described by eye witnesses as exploding at high altitude scattering a large canopy of phosphorus bomblets which cover a large area. During the land invasion, eyewitnesses describe the tanks shelling into homes first with a conventional shell. Once the walls are destroyed, a second shell – a phosphorus shell is then shot into the homes. Used in this manner the phosphorus explodes and burns the families and the homes. Many charred bodies were found among burning phosphorus particles.

One area of concern is the phosphorus seems to be in a special stabilizing agent. This results in the phosphorus being more stable and not completely burning out. Residues still cover the fields, playground and compounds. They ignite when picked up by curious kids, or produce fumes when farmers return to water their fields. One returning farming family on watering their field met with clouds of fumes producing epistaxis. Thus the phosphorus residues probably treated with a stabilizer also act as anti-personnel weapons against children and make the return to normal life difficult without certain hazards.

Surgeons from hospitals are also reporting cases where after primary laparotomy for relatively small wounds with minimal contamination find on second look laparotomy increasing areas of tissue necrosis at about 3 days. Patients then become gravely ill and by about 10 days those patients needing a third relook encounter massive liver necrosis. This may or may not be accompanied by generalized bleeding , kidney failure and heart failure and death. Although acidosis, liver necrosis and sudden cardiac arrest due to hypocalcemia is know to be a complication of white phosphorus it is not possible to attribute these complications as being due to phosphorus alone.

There is real urgency to analyze and identify the real nature of this modified phosphorus as to its long term effect on the people of Gaza. There is also urgency in collecting and disposing of the phosphorus residues littering the entire Gaza Strip. As they give off toxic fumes when coming into contact with water, once the rain falls the whole area would be polluted with acid phosphorus fumes. Children should be warned not to handle and play with these phosphorus residues

2Heavy Bombs

The use of DIME (dense inert material explosives) were evident, though it is unsure whether depleted uranium were used in the south. In the civilian areas, surviving patients were found to have limbs truncated by DIME, since the stumps apart from being characteristically cut off in guillotine fashion also fail to bleed. Bomb casing and shrapnels are extremely heavy.

3Fuel Air Explosives Bunker busters and implosion bombs have been used .

There are buildings especially the 8 storey Science and Technology Building of the Islamic University of Gaza which had been reduced to a pile of rubble no higher than 5-6 feet.

4Silent Bombs

People in Gaza described a silent bomb which is extremely destructive. The bomb arrives as a silent projectile at most with a whistling sound and creates a large area where all objects and living things are vaporized with minimal trace. We are unable to fit this into conventional weapons but the possibility of new particle weapons being tested should be suspected.

5Executions Survivors

describe Israeli tanks arriving in front of homes asking residents to come out. Children, old people and women would come forward and as they were lined up they were just fired on and killed. Families have lost tens of their members through such executions. The deliberate targeting of unarmed children and women is well documented by human right groups in the Gaza Strip over the past month.

6Targeting of ambulances

Thirteen ambulances had been fired upon killing drivers and first aid personnel in the process of rescue and evacuation of the wounded.

7.Cluster bombs

The first patients wounded by cluster were brought into Abu Yusef Najjar Hospital. Since more than 50% of the tunnels have been destroyed, Gaza has lost part of her lifeline. These tunnels contrary to popular belief are not for weapons, though small light weapons could have been smuggled through them. However they are the main stay of food and fuel for Gaza. Palestinians are beginning to tunnel again. However it became clear that cluster bombs were dropped on to the Rafah border and the first was accidentally set of by tunneling. Five burns patients were brought in after setting off a booby trap kind of device.

DEATH TOLL

As of 25 January 2009, the death toll was estimated at 1,350 with the numbers increasing daily. This is due to the severely wounded continuing to die in hospitals. 60% of those killed were children SEVERE INJURIES The severely injured numbered 5,450, with 40% being children. These are mainly large burns and polytrauma patients. Single limb fractures and walking wounded are not included in these figures. Through our conversations with doctors and nurses the word holocaust and catastrophe were repeatedly used. The medical staff all bear the psychological trauma of the past month living though the situation and dealing with mass casualties which swamped their casualties and operating rooms. Many patients died in the Accident and Emergency Department while awaiting treatment. In a district hospital, the orthopaedic surgeon carried out 13 external fixations in less than a day. It is estimated that of the severely injured, 1,600 will suffer permanently disabilities. These include amputations, spinal cord injuries, head injuries, large burns with crippling contractures.

SPECIAL FACTORS

The death and injury toll is especially high in this recent assault due to several factors.

1.No escape:

As Gaza is sealed by Israeli troops, no one can escape the bombardment and the land invasion. There is simply no escape. Even within the Gaza Strip itself, movement from north to south is impossible as Israeli tanks had cut the northern half of Gaza from the south. Compare this with the situation in Lebanon 1982 and 2006, when it was possible for people to escape from an area of heavy bombardment to an area of relative calm – there was no such is option for Gaza

2.Gaza is very densely populated.

It is eerie to see that the bombs used by Israel have been precision bombs. They have a hundred percent hit rate on buildings which are crowded with people. Examples are the central market, police stations. Schools, the UN compounds used as a safety shelter from bombardment, mosques (40 of them destroyed), and the homes of families who thought they were safe as there were no combatants in them and high rise flats where a single implosion bomb would destroy multiple families. This pattern of consistent targeting of civilians makes one suspect that the military targets are but collateral damage, while civilians are the primary targets.

3.The quantity and quality of the ammunition being used as described above

4.Gaza’s lack of defense against the modern weapons of Israel.

She has no tanks, no planes, no anti-aircraft missiles against the invading army. We experienced that first hand in a minor clash of Israeli tank shells versus Palestinian AK47 return fire. The forces were simply unmatched.

5.Absence of well constructed bomb shelters for civilians.

Unfortunately these will also be no match for bunker busters possessed by the Israeli Army.

CONCLUSION

Taking the above points into consideration, the next assault on Gaza would be just as disastrous. The people of Gaza are extremely vulnerable and defenseless in the event of yet another attack. The International Community if it were serious about preventing this large scale of deaths and injuries will have to develop a defense force for Gaza if it is considered desirable for Gaza were to continue to be inadequately armed to defend herself.

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